Eight Famous Forts Of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Today we will talk about eight forts related to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji was a person who had brought the Maratha Empire to the heights of success. With the help of these 8 forts, Shivaji led the Maratha Empire forward.
Shivneri Fort: – Chhatrapati Shivaji was born in this fort. This fort is located in Junnar village in Pune district of Maharashtra. There is also a temple of Mata Shivai inside this fort. Chhatrapati Shivaji was named after the name of Mata Shivai. Chhatrapati Shivaji was named after the name of Mata Shivai. There are 2 sources of water named Ganga-Jamuna in this fort. People say that these water sources have water throughout the year. There was a deep trench around the fort, because of which fort was strengthened. There are still many caves in this fort, which are closed. Some people believe that Chhatrapati Shivaji took the training of Guerrilla War in these caves.
Purandar Fort: – Purandar Fort is situated on 50 kilometers from Pune. Sambhaji Raje Bhosale was born in this fort. Sambhaji was the son of Chhatrapati Shivaji. Shivaji captured this fort on his first victory. In 1665 the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb had captured this fort. But in the next 5 years, Shivaji took back this fort from the Mughals. This fort has a tunnel which goes straight out of the fort. In the war, Shivaji used to use this tunnel.
Raigad Fort: – Raigad fort was the pride of the capital of Chhatrapati Shivaji. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj built this fort in 1674. After assuming the Maratha Empire, he stayed here for a long time. Raigad Fort is 2700 feet above sea level. This fort has 1737 stairs. In 1818, the British captured the Fort of Raigad and damaged lots of its parts.
Sindhudurg Fort: – Shivaji built the Sindhudurg Fort on the coast of Konkan. Located 450 kilometers from south Mumbai. It took 3 years to build this fort. Spread over 48 acres, this fort was constructed keeping in mind the enemies.
Suvarnadurg Fort: – Suvarnadurg Fort was also known as Golden Fort. Shivaji captured this fort in 1660 AD. After defeating Ali Adil Shah II, Shivaji merged Suvarnadurg in the Maratha Empire. This fort was captured so that the strength of the sea could be magnified. This fort is located in Ratnagiri in Maharashtra near the Arabian Sea. The postwar kings of Shivaji established Maratha Navy in this fort. Due to this fort, the Marathas had stopped many marine invasions.
Lohagad Fort: – Lohagad Fort was used to keeping the property of Marathas. It is located in Lonavala, 52 km from Pune. It is also said that the money looted from Surat was kept here. Peshwa Nana Phadnavis used the fort of Lohagad for a long time as its habitat.
Arnala Fort: – This fort is located in Vasai village, 48 kilometers away from Mumbai. In 1737, Peshwa Bajirao’s brother Chimaji Appa captured this fort. However, that war had killed many Marathas. During the first Anglo-Maratha war, the British captured this fort on 18 Jan 1781. Sultan of Gujarat, Maratha, British, and Portuguese, ruled this fort. This fort is surrounded by sea three sides.
Pratapgad Fort: – This fort, located in Satara, Maharashtra, tells the story of Chhatrapati Shivaji’s bravery. This fort is also known for the war in happened in Pratapgad. Shivaji built this fort to protect the Nira and Koyna rivers and to defend the par pass. This fort was completed in 1656. On 10 November 1659 Shivaji defeated Afzal Khan in this fort. This war is known as “Battle of Pratapgarh”.
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