History Of Independence Of Goa Daman Diu Of 1961
India got independence in 1947, but after independence, there were many such states at that time which were living in foreign rule. And the names of those states were Goa, Daman and Diu. Even after 14 years of independence, till 1961, Goa, Daman and Diu were in the possession of the Portugal. India had become a thriving and democratic country in so many years. Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru wrote several letters for the independence of these territories. But ruler António de Oliveira Salazar of that time did not respond to those letters. During that time too many freedom movements started in Goa, Daman and Diu. Now the local public was also opposed to the Portuguese and the pressure on the Nehru Government started increasing. Despite such pressure, Nehru Government was unable to decide. Because the western countries had forbidden India to fight with Portugal. By the way, our army had been ordered to attack. But to avoid Western displeasure, so this war was being avoided repeatedly. But that historical event changed everything. Once the passenger ship named Sabarmati was going from Mumbai to Kochi. The day was 24 November 1961. To go to Kochi from Mumbai, had to go through Goa. As soon as, Sabarmati Ship entered the maritime area of Goa. They had to face attack. 1 passenger and 1 engineer died in this attack. Due to this attack by Portugal, a new rage was seen in the local people. And now the pressure on the Indian government began to grow rapidly. This time the restraint of the government was broken and the campaign to take action against Portugal was created. And it was named Operation Vijay. Kargil war in July 1999 is also known as Operation Vijay. This time the Indian government wanted to teach a lesson to the Portuguese government. Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force started preparations for the war. On December 18, 1961, the day of the attack was selected. The complete information of this mission was kept confidential so that the western countries could not put pressure on India. If India wanted, then could beat Portugal in just a few hours. But the Indian government did not want to martyr more soldiers in the war. The government wanted the least damage in this war. This was the reason for necessary to keep Operation Vijay confidential. General JN Chaudhuri was given the responsibility of fighting the ground. Deployed 20,000 soldiers for Operation Vijay. Indian troops marched into Goa on December 18, 1961, at 5:15 in the morning. To reach Panaji, the Indian army had to cross many bridges. But most of the bridges were already destroyed by Portuguese soldiers. Therefore, Indian soldiers took more time than expected to reach Panaji. After this, the Indian Air Force dropped about 28,000 bombs at Dabolim Airport. After that Portugal’s waist was broken. After the airport was destroyed, their fighter plane could not fly. On the other hand, the Indian Navy attacked Goa’s Anjediva Island and after some time it took over its possession. After 30 hours of fighting, the Portuguese General Manuel António Vassallo e Silva felt that they would not be able to stop the Indian army for long. So he sent a letter of surrender on December 19, 1961. India had occupied Goa. But the Portuguese government was not ready to give Daman and Diu to India. So some of the Indian troops attacked Daman and Diu. Within a few hours, India also occupied Daman and Diu. After 41 hours of fighting, Goa, Daman and Diu were in the possession of India. And thus the 450 years of Portuguese rule in Goa was abolished in just 41 hours.
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