World’s Youngest Mathematician-Srinivasa Ramanujan
Many times in the world, amazing talent arises, which makes us wonder. Srinivasa Ramanujan was such a talented person who astounded the whole world with his talent. At the age of 32, Srinivasa Ramanujan did something extraordinary in the field of mathematics, which probably was not done by any mathematician earlier. It is a surprising fact that without any formal education he has discovered amazing equations in the field of mathematics, due to which his name become immortal in this field of mathematics. It was sad not only for India but for the whole world that Srinivasa Ramanujan died at the age of 32. Ramanujan was very much interested in mathematics since childhood. You will be surprised to know that Ramanujan himself had learned mathematics. Throughout his life, Ramanujan compiled about 3900 equations. Most of the equations given by him have been proven right. On the basis of his talent, he resolved the problems relating to mathematical analysis, numerical theory, infinite series and a continuous fraction. Recently, Ramanujan’s mathematical formulas were used in crystal science. Ramanujan Journal has also been established to honor him for his significant contribution in mathematics. Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887, in Erode, Madras Presidency (now Tamil Nadu), a Tamil Brahmin family. Ramanujan’s intellectual development in childhood was not like normal children. And he couldn’t even learn to speak until the age of 3. When Ramanujan was 5 years old, he got admission in Kangayam Primary School. Ramanujan did not like traditional education and he used to spend most of his time studying mathematics. After getting the highest marks in the primary school in the entire district, he went to town high school for further studies. Ramanujan’s character was so gentle that everyone loved him. Gradually he started attracting students and teachers. He was so brilliant in mathematics that he had studied mathematics till college at the time of school. In high school, due to his good marks in mathematics and English, he got the scholarship, due to which the road to his college became clear. After passing the 12th class private examination, Ramanujan had to face many problems for the next few years. During this time, Ramanujan did not have any job nor an opportunity to work with any institution or professor. Even in such a difficult situations, Ramanujan didn’t break his relationship with mathematics and continued his research. At that time, Ramanujan used to get 5 rupees from the tuition of mathematics. The time was very painful for him. At that time, Ramanujan had to wander around for his education of mathematics and his nourishment. In 1913 Ramanujan wrote a letter to G.H.Hardy. In that letter, he sent a long list of the theorems, which was discovered by him. Hardy first misread Ramanujan’s theorems but later he became surprised when he discussed it with other mathematicians. Hardy later came to the conclusion that Ramanujan has a rare personality in the field of mathematics. Hardy realized that Ramanujan should come to England to pursue his research. After this, the exchange of letters between Hardy and Ramanujan began, and Hardy suggested that you should go to Cambridge and continue your research. Ramanujan initially refused, but after Hardy’s request, Ramanujan finally got ready. Hardy arranged for Ramanujan at Trinity College, Cambridge. A new beginning of Ramanujan’s life began here, in which Professor Hardy had an important role. The friendship of Ramanujan and Hardy proved to be important for the salvation of mathematics. Ramanujan along with Hardy published many research papers. On March 16, 1916, Ramanujan received a Bachelor of Science (Research) degree from Cambridge. Everything was going well, but the climate and lifestyle of England was not favorable for Ramanujan, due to which his health remained poor. Later, after the medical check-up, it was revealed that Ramanujan was suffering from tuberculosis and lack of vitamins. At that time there was no drug for tuberculosis, so the patient had to stay in the sanatorium. Ramanujan also remained in Sanatorium for some time. Later Ramanujan was awarded the Fellowship Award of the Royal Society. Ramanujan was the youngest member in the history of the Royal Society. After becoming a member of the Royal Society, he became the first Indian to receive the Fellowship of Trinity College. On one side, his career was going in a very good direction, the other hand his health was falling. Finally, doctors advised him to return to India. Upon his return to India, he got a job as a professor at the University of Madras and he started his research again. Even after returning to India, his health did not improve and his condition was becoming increasingly serious. And finally, he died on April 26, 1920. When he died he was only 32 years old. The death of that great mathematician was a tragic truth for the mathematical world.